October is the month! For what? Planting out just about ALL fall/winter crops.
Actually if you planted as early as I did you are harvesting some stuff now! I have been bringing in sugar snap peas, cucumbers, zucchini, radishes, small celery, kale and some lettuce. My corn, cabbage, broccoli beans and tomatoes are almost ready.
I like to push the envelope and see how early I can plant and be successful. This season I learned the cabbage and broccoli were a little stunted when I planted them around August 26th. They picked up and are doing great now, next time I will either shade them or plant a week or so later. I also learned my cukes that I planted August 7th are not doing as well as the ones I planted September 8th. Next time I will wait. This information will go in my garden notes. Keeping a journal or notes are a great way to solve future problems, I highly suggest it.
I will plant more of most of these crops, excluding warm weather stuff, every 4 weeks or so until mid November. This way I will continue harvesting until spring.
If you love peas but hate shelling them like I do, try edible pod peas like Sugar Ann Snap Peas. They are sweetly irresistible! Even though you will eat them while you are picking them (because they are as good raw as cooked) they are so prolific you will still have plenty to bring inside! I plant these every 3 weeks or so. I can never have enough, they freeze really well.
Here is what we can plant in October:
Broccoli, Cabbage, Kale, Carrots, Celery, Collards, Lettuce, Mustard Greens, Onions, Parsley, Peas edible pod and shelling, Radishes, Chard, Chinese/Napa, Kohlrabi,Beets, Potatoes, Turnip, Cabbage, Cauliflower and Spinach
Most of these can be continually planted out until March!
Here are a few tips:
Carrots – When sowing seeds be sure to plant in topsoil or fine layer of compost to insure they stay covered and moist. That means no chunky stuff or loose mulch. Mulch can be a layer on top. Water by hand or overhead 2 times a day until sprouted and about a few inches tall then regular drip will do.
Radishes and other root crops – These are a larger seed but still need rich soil not too loose or the radishes pop out too early.
Lettuce – These are light and small even lighter than carrot so keeping the seeds moist is important till sprouted.
Check your garden area for shady spots now that the sun is moving. you will find places get shade a lot sooner now and will as the months go on. Rule of thumb, morning sun afternoon shade is ideal. Try to achieve 6-8 hours of sunlight in fall/winter.